Mestres de Sua Condição: a psiquiatria cultural de Jacques Arpin

Publicado por Vitor Pordeus em 7/11/2013

Trabalho do artista, médico e psiquiatra cultural Jacques Arpin

Trabalho lindíssimo do psiquiatra cultural baseado em Genebra Jacques Arpin.

Mestres de suas condições III: aplicações clínicas da antropologiado teatro na psiquiatria cultural.

Jacques Arpin,

Genebra, Suiça

Sumário

O aprendizado corporal dá aos atores estruturas básicas e referências que permitem a eles codificar suas ações num roteiro ou partitura. Com esta partitura, desenvolvida por experimentação, apresentação e transmissão, atores que trabalham com a antropologia do teatro oferecem estratégias e ferramentas que curadores [terapeutas, healers} podem usar com seus pacientes. A partitura do ator inspirou um modo de trabalhar com pacientes tanto para entender a histórica clínica e guiar o curso terapêutico. Nesta abordagem, pacientes são como autores que querem encenar sua dramaturgia, mas precisam de um diretor-terapeuta para organizar a história e ajudar a eles a construir seu processo de cura. Juntos, paciente e terapeuta, trabalham no palco para avançar o tratamento, ao mesmo tempo aumentando suas estratégias e métodos para colaboração.

Disponíveis online:

1. Transcult Psychiatry. 2003 Sep;40(3):299-328. Masters of their conditions: at the crossroads of health, culture and performance. Arpin J. Transcultural Consulting, Thônex-Geneva, Switzerland. j.arpin@geneva-link.ch Achieving one's cultural or clinical identity is a matter of performance. The performing body is made through a series of apprenticeships that lead to mastery and then transmission. Performance, like culture and medicine, has its systems of learning, i.e. in the professions of the performing arts. This article examines the methodology of theater anthropology and other aspects of performance studies. Applications to intercultural work are described that make it possible for patient and healer to collaborate to master the condition. PMID: 14649848 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

2. Transcult Psychiatry. 2003 Sep;40(3):299-328. Masters of their conditions: at the crossroads of health, culture and performance. Arpin J. Transcultural Consulting, Thônex-Geneva, Switzerland. j.arpin@geneva-link.ch Achieving one's cultural or clinical identity is a matter of performance. The performing body is made through a series of apprenticeships that lead to mastery and then transmission. Performance, like culture and medicine, has its systems of learning, i.e. in the professions of the performing arts. This article examines the methodology of theater anthropology and other aspects of performance studies. Applications to intercultural work are described that make it possible for patient and healer to collaborate to master the condition. PMID: 14649848 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

3. Transcult Psychiatry. 2008 Sep;45(3):355-78. doi: 10.1177/1363461508094671. Masters of their conditions II: intercultural theatre, narration and stage work with patients and healers. Arpin J. Cultural Psychiatry and Counsulting, Geneva, Switzerland. j.arpin@bluewin.ch What can a healer learn from theatre and performance studies? What can theatre and performance studies bring to healing practices? Both disciplines are distinct in Western societies, at times merged into miscellaneous forms of 'art therapy'. What lessons can we learn from traditions that do not separate these competencies and have always integrated them as being naturally complementary? In a consultation of cultural psychiatry, both patients and healers are actively aware of various degrees of merging of art and medicine. Narration, then, cannot be limited to verbal case-history making and verbal therapeutic approaches. Bringing patients and healers on a stage and using all forms of text and performance allow for another way of (re)constructing case histories. Expanding the narrative process opens doors to exploring traditions: their origin, their apprenticeship, their performance and their transmission. PMID: 18799638 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]